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Types of medications used in the asthma care for Crystal Lake residents

Types of medications used in the asthma
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Asthma is a common occurrence affecting up to 10 percent of the population and that number continues to rise. The condition, which causes inflammation of the airways, can cause a wide range of symptoms including wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightening. At Advanced Allergy & Asthma Associates, we have years of experience delivering excellent asthma care which helps alleviate symptoms for patients in the Crystal Lake area.

Asthma can be hereditary, meaning children who have one or both asthmatic parents have an increased risk of developing asthma. It can also be worsened by various triggers such as exposure to allergens, certain medications, irritants, infections, and obesity.

Treatment and may include allergen avoidance, medication, and immunotherapy.

Because inflammation of the airways is the main problem with asthma, anti-inflammatory medications is one of the key forms of treatment. Those with mild asthma do not typically require daily anti-inflammatory medication, while those with moderate to severe will need daily medication.

Types of medication include:

  • Anti-inflammatory
    • Inhaled Steroids
      • Decreases swelling of airways
      • Prevents scarring
      • Improves symptoms
      • Decreases hospitalizations
      • Decreases mortality
    • Leukotriene Modifiers
      • Inhibit the ability for leukotrienes to constrict airways
    • Oral steroids
      • Decrease airway inflammation
      • Typically, only for severe asthma
      • May only need short bursts during asthma attacks
  • Bronchodilators
    • Long-acting bronchodilators
      • Work by relaxing muscles around airways for up to 12 hours
      • Meant to be used in conjunction with anti-inflammatory drugs
      • Typically taken twice daily, every day
    • Short-acting bronchodilators (rescue inhalers)
      • Relaxes muscles around airways for 4-6 hours
      • Take effect within 5 minutes
      • Every asthmatic should have one in case of attack

Call us at 847 888 8802 and schedule a consultation today.

 

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